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Glossary


​​​​Definitions & Small Glossary links Directory​​

Published on 5 October 2016

​Definitions

Term
Definition
AEMAnalytical Electron Microscopy
AFMAtomic Force Microscopy
BETBrunnauer-Emmett-Teller (surface adsorption analysis)
CFDComputational Fluids Dynamic
DetectionPresence or not of nanoparticles
EDSEnergy Dispersive Spectroscopy
EELSElectron Energy Loss Spectroscopy
ELPIElectrical Low Pressure Impactor
Engineered particlesParticles that either has been created due to deliberate human activity, or has been changed for a specific purpose (e.g. coating of silica).
HEPAHigh Efficiency particle attraction (filters) HRSEM High
HRTEMHigh Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy
ICIntegrated Circuit
ICPMSInductive Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer
LIBSLaser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
LIILaser Induced Incandescence
MEMSMicro Electro-Mechanical Systems
MIEMinimal Ignition Energy
MonitoringSurvey of ambient environment
NanoA prefix meaning one billionth (1/1 000 000 000).
Nanomaterialscan be subdivided into nanoparticles, nanofilms and nanocomposites. The focus of nanomaterials is a bottom up approach to structures and functional effects whereby the building blocks of materials are designed and assembled in controlled ways
 ... readmore [Wikipedia]
NanometreOne billionth of a metre. 10-9m, or a millionth of a millimetre.
NanoparticlesIndividual pieces of matter of dimensions lower than 100 nm. Nanoparticle threshold size can also be defined as the size leading to different physico-chemical behaviors and properties than bulk material ...readmore [Wikipedia]
NanoscaleBetween 0.1-100nm.
NanotechnologyAreas of technology where dimensions and tolerances in the range of 0.1nm to 100nm play a critical role.
NanotubeA one-dimensional fullerene (a convex cage of atoms with only hexagonal and/or pentagonal faces) with a cylindrical shape.
NanowiresOne-dimensional structures, with unique electrical and optical properties, that are used as building blocks in nanoscale devices.
NMRNuclear Magnetic Resonance
Off-line detectionMeasurements are performed later, on lab equipments
On-line detectionReal time detection of nanoparticles
PBPKPhysiologically Based Pharmacokinetic
PCSPhoton Correlation Spectroscopy
PVDAlong with CVD, a group of surface treatments applied on tools and machine elements. In the area of machining and tooling PVD coatings are widely used to increase the life and productivity of production tools and therefore reducing manufacturing costs.
Quantum dotA nano-scale crystalline structure that can transform the colour of light. The quantum dot is considered to have greater flexibility than other fluorescent materials, which makes it suited to use in building nano-scale computing applications where light is used to process information. They are made from a variety of different compounds, such as cadmium selenide.
RSEMResolution Scanning Electron Microscopy
SAWSurface Acoustic Wave
SEMScanning Electron Microscopy
SMPSScanning Mobility Particle sizer
SNOMScanning Nearfield Microscopy
STEMScanning Transmission Electron Microscopy
STMScanning Tunneling Microscopy
SWNTSingle Walled Nanotubes
TEMTransmission Electron Microscopy

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